For the one who is interested in numbers and figures, below are some statistics that show you what was needed for 'Operation Overlord'. Below that you'll find the 'Cold Statistics', which show the losses (roughly) in human life during the Battle for Normandy.
An AVRE on the coast near Graye-sur-Mer
THE BUILT UP OF THE TROOPS IN JUNE 1944 (IN GREAT BRITAIN):
1.700.000 British soldiers, 1.500.000 American soldiers, 175.000 Commonwealth soldiers (mostly Canadian), 44.000 other allied troops
THE NAVY ON JUNE 6th, 1944:
British Royal Navy (& Canadian RN): 3 battleships, 17 battle cruisers, 65 torpedo boats, 360 coastal ships, 447 frigates, minesweepers and other accompany ships.
American navy: 3 battleships, 3 battle cruisers, 34 torpedo boats, 111 coastal ships, 49 frigates, minesweepers, patrol ships and other accompany ships.
Other allied nations provided: 49 war ships
Landing craft , amphibious landing craft and boats: 4126 (3261 British, 865 American).
THE AIR FORCE ON JUNE 6th, 1944:
3440 heavy bombers, 930 medium bombers, 4190 fighters/ fighter-bombers, 1360 troop transport planes, 520 reconnaissance planes, 80 Sea/Air Rescue, 1070 Coastal Command
Total: 11.590 (6080 American and 5510 British)
3500 Gliders (Horsa, Hamilcar and Waco)
Spitfire Mk IX MK732, from No. 485 (RNZAF) Squadron, as it flew on D-Day (restored and flies in Holland).
THE COLD STATISTICS
In army terms they use the word 'casualties', a strange phenomena. One is to think that this covers the 'killed in action' figures. This is not the case. That's why you'll find contradicting numbers for the losses during and after battles, because of the confusing reports. A 'casualty' of war means, 'no longer fit for battle', wounded or killed. In that perspective it shows that the losses in human life were less dramatic than sometimes pictured. Below are the numbers of casualties in the first days during and after the landings in Normandy (on allied side).
From 6 June to 10 June, 1944, D-DAY + 4:
101st Airborne Division, consisted of 8451 paratroopers.
137 killed, 482 wounded, 2000 missing, a total on casualties: 2619 men
82nd Airborne Division, consisted of 7534 paratroopers.
84 killed, 936 wounded, 200 missing, 10 made prisoner, a total on casualties: 1235 men
OMAHA BEACH D-Day + 4
1st Infantry Division: 124 killed, 1083 wounded, 431 missing, a total on casualties: 1638 men
29th Infantry Division: 280 killed, 1027 wounded, 890 missing, a total on casualties: 2210 men
Other units on OMAHA Beach: 148 killed, 656 wounded, 599 missing, a total on casualties: 1373 men
The American forces lost during the first four days, 5221 men on OMAHA Beach alone.
From 6 June till 20 June, 1944:
US First Army lost 24.126 men: 3082 killed, 13.121 wounded and 7959 missing.
The British lost 13.572 men: 1842 killed, 8599 wounded and 3131 missing.
The Canadian lost 2815 men: 363 killed, 1359 wounded and 1093 missing.
THE GERMAN CASUALTIES
The German cemetery of La Cambe
After intensive investigations it is impossible to give exact figures on the German losses in the first days after the allies landed in Normandy. The figures range from 4000 to even 9000. A report from Erwin Rommel , end of June, speaks of the losses in that month of '28 Generals, 345 commanding officers and about 250.000 men'.
The total losses from June 6th, 1944 till 22 August, D-DAY + 77 on allied side where; 200.000 men, among them almost 37.000 killed.
Symbol of wars, perishable objects as a memory, a toppled 'Tobruk', Utah Beach.
Under the French population there were at least 100.000 victims, civilians and Résistance.
Together with the German losses, about 400.000, the total figure on casualties run around the 700.000 men in 77 days of battle. In perspective, the Battle of the Somme, one of the bloodiest from the First World War, that was fought over a period of 141 days, the losses were at least 1.250.000 on German, British and French troops. In comparison, the Battle for Normandy was just as bloody as the fighting on the western front in the First World War.
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